Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery (Asia Pacific)

Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Prevalence of Foot Deformity among Urban Young Working Women

YeokPin Chua, WeiJing Tan, Aik Saw

Keywords : Foot deformities, High-heel shoe, Young working women

Citation Information : Chua Y, Tan W, Saw A. Prevalence of Foot Deformity among Urban Young Working Women. J Foot Ankle Surg Asia-Pacific 2021; 8 (2):76-79.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10040-1154

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-06-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Pathological foot deformities in the adult population are more prevalent in women and many are closely related to ill-fitting footwear. To date, most literature related to footwear and foot health is based on Western society or developed nations. We conduct this study to establish the prevalence of foot deformity in young women working in an urban area. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study on young working women age between 21 years and 40 years through the convenience sampling method. Data on the foot problems were collected through a surveyor-directed questionnaire and clinical examination of the feet. Results and discussion: A total of 400 working women with a mean age of 29.4 years were recruited into the study. More than half (65.0%) of the women had normal body mass index (BMI). About half (52.8%) of the women had foot deformity of different severity, but only 54 (25.6%) of them were aware of these deformities. One hundred and six women (26.5%) had skin hyper-callosity, 47 (11.8%) had hallux valgus, and 46 (11.5%) had lesser toe deformity. Our result showed that the prevalence of foot deformity was much higher in women wearing high-heel shoes to work which was statistically significant (p < 0.001). However, there was no statistically significant relationship between foot deformity with age, race, and BMI. Conclusion: In young working women, deformity of the foot is associated with wearing high-heel footwear to work. Public awareness of the potential adverse effect of high heel shoes may help to reduce the prevalence of non-traumatic foot deformity in these women.


PDF Share
  1. The prevalence of pain and deformities in the feet of adolescents. Results of a cross-sectional study. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgerb 2004;142(4):389–396. DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-822844.
  2. Prevalence of foot deformities in young schoolchildren in Slovonia. Acta Clin Croat 2019;58(2):288–294.
  3. Foot pain and disability in older persons: an epidemiologic survey. J Am Geriatr Soc 1995;43(5):479–484. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.1995.tb06092.x.
  4. Prevalence of foot and ankle conditions in a multiethnic community sample of old adults. Am J Epidemiol 2004;159(5):491–498. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwh071.
  5. Update on women's footwear. Foot Ankle 1995;16(6):328–331. DOI: 10.1177/107110079501600603.
  6. Footwear characteristics and foot problems in older people. Gerontology 2005;51(5):346–351. DOI: 10.1159/000086373.
  7. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1997, June 3–5.
  8. Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010. National Population Demographics Census Year 2000 for female aged 21 to 40 in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. Available at: http://www.statistics.gov.my/mycensus 2010. Accessed July 23, 2011.
  9. More trouble with feet: a survey of the foot problems and chiropody needs of the elderly. London: HMSO; 1986.
  10. Trouble with feet. Occasional papers on social administration No, 29. London: Bell; 1969.
  11. The cheshire foot pain and disability survey: a population survey assessing prevalence and associations. Pain 2004;110(1-2):378–384. DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2004.04.019.
  12. American orthopaedic foot and ankle society women's shoe survey. Foot Ankle 1993;14(2):78–81. DOI: 10.1177/107110079301400204.
  13. The high price of high-fashion footwear. Instr Course Lect 1995;44:418–422.
  14. Callosities, corns and calluses. Postgrad Med 1984;75:191–198.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.