Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery (Asia Pacific)

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( June, 2018 ) > List of Articles


Determination of Types of Foot in the Indian Population and Its Association with Ingrowing Toenail

Dhananjaya Sharma, Pawan Agarwal

Keywords : Egyptian, Foot shape, Greek, Ingrown toenail

Citation Information : Sharma D, Agarwal P. Determination of Types of Foot in the Indian Population and Its Association with Ingrowing Toenail. J Foot Ankle Surg Asia-Pacific 2018; 5 (1):13-15.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10040-1082

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-03-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Aim: Ingrown toenail (onychocryptosis) is a common condition affecting great toenail. Several risk factors including foot shape, particularly, Egyptian foot, has been implicated in the pathogenesis. The purpose of this study is to determine the types of foot in normal Indian population and its relationship with incidence of ingrowing toenail. Materials and methods: A total of 197 healthy adults were included in the study and their foot type was determined by direct observation and classified into one of the three foot types. Consecutive 25 patients (25 feet) undergoing treatment for ingrowing toenails were selected. Each foot was classified into one of the three foot types and analyzed. Observations: Out of 197 adults, 77 had Egyptian foot, 47 had square foot, and 73 had Greek foot. In the male population, Greek foot (44.0%) was most prevalent and this was statistically significant (p = 0.023). In female subjects, Egyptian foot was the most common and seen in 44.3% (p = 0.1763). In ingrowing toenail group, out of 25 adults 11 had Egyptian foot, 7 had square foot, and 7 had Greek foot. Conclusion: In the Indian population, the most common foot type is Egyptian foot (39.08%), followed by Greek foot (37.05%) and square foot (23.85%). Though ingrowing toenail is thought to be the more common in Egyptian foot, it is not proved to be a risk factor in this study.

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