Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery (Asia Pacific)

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Evolution of Surgical Exposures for the Pilon: What has Changed over the Last 20 Years

Tanawat Vaseenon, Pawee Chalidapong, Jirawat Saengsin

Keywords : Distal tibia, Exposure, Fracture, Incisions, Pilon, Plafond, Surgical approaches

Citation Information : Vaseenon T, Chalidapong P, Saengsin J. Evolution of Surgical Exposures for the Pilon: What has Changed over the Last 20 Years. J Foot Ankle Surg Asia-Pacific 2024; 11 (2):60-67.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10040-1337

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 02-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Purpose and context: Pilon fractures typically result from traumatic incidents involving significant axial and rotational forces. The primary focus is on anatomical bone injuries and significant damage to soft tissues. The treatment has difficulties in avoiding soft tissue problems following a stage of surgery due to the complexity of surgical methods. Several surgical exposures can be used for the distal tibia and the ankle joint visualization, including anteromedial, anterolateral, medial, posteromedial and its modification, and posterolateral approaches. Each approach has individual advantages and constraints. The choice between single or combination approaches depends on factors such as the characteristics of the fracture, the planned reduction and fixation, and the state of soft tissue management. This review article presents an analysis of the development of surgical exposures, including their indications, benefits, drawbacks, and techniques. There is a current trend indicating that wound problems are not associated with recent surgical incisions published in the past decade. This is attributed to the careful treatment of soft tissues and preservation of angiosomes.

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